Your king is the tallest piece in your chess set and is the piece you need to protect throughout the game. Kings can move 1 space at a time in any direction during your turn.

Put the kings next to the queens to complete your back row of pieces. Place your pawns in the row in front of your other pieces. Your pawns are the shortest and weakest pieces in a game of chess.

Put 1 white pawn in each square of rank 2 and set the black pawns in the squares of rank 7. Start the game with the player who has the white pieces. The player who has the white pieces always starts a game of chess.

Choose any one of your pieces that is able to move and put it in its new space. After the player with the white piece takes their turn, play alternates to the player with the black pieces.

The player with the white pieces has a slight advantage since they get to make the opening move. Aim to take control of the 4 center squares; d4, e4, d5, and f5; early in the game since they over the most mobility and power for your pieces.

Instead, pawns can only capture pieces that are 1 space diagonally in front of them. However, to win the game you need to set up your pieces so they would be able to capture the king.

Move one of your pieces so it can potentially capture your opponent's king during your next turn. Your opponent must get out of check during their next turn either by moving their king, blocking your piece, or capturing your piece.

Let your opponent double check if they can make a move before declaring yourself the winner! Capture with pawns using the "en passant" rule.

En passant, meaning "in passing" in French, is when one pawn captures another pawn after its starting move. You cannot wait to do it on any other turn after.

Promote a pawn to a queen by getting it across the board. This way, you could have multiple queens on the board at a time.

Even though a pawn can theoretically be promoted to any piece, the only situation where you would not want to promote your pawn to a queen is if doing so results in stalemate, causing the game to end in a draw.

Protect your king by castling. Once during the game, you may choose to make a special move known as castling. To castle, move your king two squares horizontally toward either rook. Then on the same move, move the rook to the square immediately on the other side of the king.

You also cannot castle through any squares that are under attack by enemy pieces. Aim to control the center of the board. Pieces near the center are at their most powerful since they have the most mobility and control.

This forces your opponent to the sides of the board where they have fewer moves to choose from. Controlling the center helps you play more offensive and your opponent defensive.

Protect your pieces. Every time your opponent makes a move, take some time to scan the board. Move pieces out of the way if your opponent is going to capture them next turn.

It's okay to give up a piece in order to draw your opponent into a trap where you'll capture an even more valuable piece.

Learn the relative value of each piece. Each piece in a game of chess is valued differently depending on how powerful it is. Queens are the most powerful piece and are worth 9 points.

Rooks are worth 5 points, bishops and knights are worth 3, and pawns are worth 1 point. Try to protect your more powerful pieces so you can use them later in the game. Compare the total value of all the pieces still on the board for each player to determine who has a material advantage.

Point assessment is also useful when considering possible captures. For example, using pieces with a lower value to capture pieces with a higher value gives you more of an advantage.

You need a strong defense and to be prepared for almost anything. One of the main strategies of chess is forcing your opponent into a situation where, no matter what he or she does, you are given an advantage, such as capturing a piece or securing a better position.

Yes No. Not Helpful 23 Helpful These are pawns that have reached their eighth row the opponent's first row and have been converted to some other piece such as a queen.

Not Helpful 9 Helpful Under certain conditions, yes. It is known as castling and is very useful. It was one of the few changes made in the last millennium.

Not Helpful 27 Helpful A bishop moves diagonally in any direction and as many open squares as it wants. It must stop before coming to a square occupied by a piece of its own color. It can stop on a square occupied by an opponent's piece thereby capturing that piece.

Not Helpful 22 Helpful This is called a stalemate, which is a draw or tie, because neither player can capture the other's king.

The game ends as soon as such a situation occurs. Usually a pawn moves one square forward. On its first move, it can move either one square or two squares forward.

A pawn may move one square diagonally forward if in doing so it captures an opponent's piece. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 6. Your pawns may each move either one or two spaces forward on their first move.

In all subsequent moves, each may move only one space. Not Helpful 19 Helpful I am a beginner in playing chess. What moves should I learn to be an expert?

Expert moves takes time to learn. You need to learn the basic moves, like protecting every single piece of your chess pieces.

After that, you can try to learn to focus on a side to check-mate the king. You might want to know some openings and endgames technique too. Not Helpful 5 Helpful All pieces except pawns can move backwards in directions permitted for the piece in question e.

Promoted pawns can move backwards in the same manner as the piece they've become. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.

Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Article Summary X To set up a chess board, place all of the white pieces on one side and all of the black pieces on the other side.

Did this summary help you? Use all of your pieces while you play chess to take out your opponent. Play with other people that have a similar skill level as you to keep games competitive and fun.

Keep playing and practicing to get better at chess. Edit Related wikiHows. Made Recently View more 9 total. Add a photo Upload error. Awesome picture!

Tell us more about it? Click here to share your story. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,, times. Did this article help you?

Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Co-Authored By:. Co-authors: Updated: July 20, MB Madhur Bhargava May NL Norrey Love Jun 29, Someone once tried to explain it to me, but to no avail.

This article is so helpful with clear explanations and diagrams which, to me, are like photographs I can imprint on my brain. Also, I can come back to the article as I make progress with the game.

A very helpful article. DS Doug Stride Jun 29, Beautiful board now sitting on our coffee table! The two bishops per side each start on a different colored square, one light and one dark.

Naturally, bishops can only move diagonally on squares of the color they start on. The rook can also move as far as possible, but only up, down, and to the sides.

Each Rook is positioned in the bottom squares of a player's side. Knights have very unique movement compared to all other chess pieces. Knights move in the shape of an "L". The knight moves two squares up, down, or sideways and then one square at a 90 degree angle of the first two moves.

For example in a knight 'move' the piece could move two squares up and one square to the right. Another important unique feature of Knight's moves are knight have the ability to move over their own pieces.

However, they still may not finish their move on the same square as one of their pieces. Pawns are another very unique chess piece.

Pawns can only move up forward , never moving or capturing backwards. Pawns move and capture differently. Pawns move up forward , but they only capture pieces diagonally. This means if an opposing piece is in the square directly forward of a pawn, the pawn may not capture or move forward.

If an opposing piece is in the direct forward and diagonal square, the pawn may move diagonally to capture it.

Another unique feature of pawn movement, is that on a pawn's first move it may be moved forward two squares.

This is only possible for each pawn's first move. Lastly pawns also have the ability to be promoted to become other pieces which we'll discuss in more detail in the next section. There are a few unique rules of chess, as well as special moves, that you need to know before playing chess.

After your pawn reaches this position, you can choose to exchange your pawn for a Queen, Rook, Bishop, or Knight. As part of the same move, the new piece is replaced on the same square that the pawn reached row 8.

Typically you will want to exchange your pawn for a queen. As previously mentioned, queens are the most powerful chess piece. If you're playing at home and do not have additional pieces, the pawn should still become a different piece, but you can use the pawn to represent that piece.

In chess tournaments, according to FIDE chess rules, it is necessary to actually swap the pawn for the new piece. En Passant and Castling the next mentioned chess move are perhaps the most bizarre rules of chess.

In chess en passant refers to a rule where if a pawn moves up two squares on its first move and lands to the side of an opponent's pawn, the opposing pawn may move diagonally and capture the original pawn.

The last special rule to cover in chess is castling. This chess rule can be another doozy for chess beginners, so read through this one carefully. The castle rule of chess allows the King to move two squares over to one side when it usually may only move one square in any direction and then have the rook move from that side's corner directly to the inside square next to the king.

This move is done all in one turn, however in order to do this move, all of these conditions must apply:. There are two ways for a game of chess to end. A chess game can end in either a checkmate resulting in a player winning or a draw tie.

The purpose of chess and the way to win is to checkmate your opponent's king. In order to checkmate your opponent's king, your opponent's king must be put into check and not be able to move out of check.

If you're opponent's king is in checkmate, this means he can't move is king out of check, he can't block check with another of his pieces, and he can't capture the piece putting his king in check.

We've covered the basic rules of chess, how to start a game of chess, and how to move chess pieces. While you now should be well enough equipped to play the game of chess, you can keep reading to learn chess strategy, tactics, and tips for improving your chess game.

If you want to improve your chess game, one of the first things you should learn is how to read and write chess notation.

Chess notation is the system of recording the moves of a chess game. Most of the following strategy articles will use chess notation to describe moves. Before reading these articles, you should first read our guide on reading and writing chess notation:.

Chess openings are a very important part of the game of chess, as they dictate piece positions in the later stages of the game. There are a number of chess moves and tricks that beginner chess players can learn.

It's worth noting these chess moves will likely only trick your opponent if they are also a very raw beginner. Once you've learned the basics of the game of chess, you may find your self wanting to take your chess game to another level.

Cart 0. The Chess Pieces The first step in learning chess is knowing the different pieces. For the white player, the first row the row closest to the player is always arranged in the following order from left to right: Rook, Knight, Bishop, Queen, King, Bishop, Knight, Rook.

The second row contains all 8 pawns at the start of a games of chess. From the black player's side black player's point of view , the the first row is arranged from left to right in the following order: Rook, Knight, Bishop, King, Queen, Bishop, Knight, Rook.

The second row contains all 8 pawns. Each side's King and Queen pieces should be facing each other. When finished setting up your chessboard it should look like this: Which Player Moves First?

How Do Chess Pieces Move? While each of the 6 types of pieces move differently, all pieces share similar rules: Pieces can never move onto a square where one of their pieces is currently placed.

Pieces can't move through their own pieces although the knight does have the ability to jump over pieces. This means pieces of the same color can't be moved onto the same square.

While pieces can't be moved onto squares where their own pieces are positioned, they can move onto a square of their opponent's pieces, which 'captures' their opponent's piece. When a piece captures an opposing piece, their turn is over.

You can't play chess without knowing how chess pieces move, so we've outlined the unique movements for each piece: How the King Moves in Chess The most important piece in chess is the King, however the king is also one of the weakest pieces in chess.

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To win the game , you must "checkmate" your opponent by moving your pieces such that the opponent's king faces a threat of capture that can't be eliminated.

Although it has a set of easily comprehended rules, it takes strategy in order to defeat a skilled opponent. Tip: During their first move, pawns can either move 1 or 2 spaces forward.

After their first move, they can only go 1 space. Tip: During your turn, check whether or not your opponent can capture your pieces on their next turn.

Tip: Keep 1 or 2 pawns in the center of the board so you can still use your stronger pieces to attack. To set up a chess board, place all of the white pieces on one side and all of the black pieces on the other side.

Your pieces should be arranged in two rows: the back row should contain all of your special pieces, and the front row should contain all of your pawns.

Pawns are the short pieces, and they can only move forward, one square at a time. However, when you capture a piece with a pawn, the pawn moves diagonally.

To organize the back row, place the rooks, or towers, on either end. Rooks can only move vertically or horizontally, but they can move as many squares as you want.

Then, place the two knights, which usually look like horses, beside the two rooks. The knights can only move in an L-shaped pattern, where the long part of the L is two squares and the short part is one square.

Then, place the two bishops beside the knights. The bishops can only move diagonally, but they can move as many squares as you want.

Finally, place the king and queen. The queen can move vertically, horizontally, or diagonally, and she can move as many spaces as you want. The king can move in any direction as well, but he can only move one square at a time.

This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Together, they cited information from 18 references. Categories: Featured Articles Chess. It also received 49 testimonials from readers, earning it our reader-approved status.

Learn more Chess Help Chess Rule Sheet. Chessboard Diagram. Position the board so each player has a black space in their left corner. Have both players sit across from one another to start your game.

Turn the board so each player has a black square in the lower-left corner and a white square in the lower-right corner.

Learn the rank and file system to place pieces and keep notation. Ranks are the horizontal rows and the files are the columns going between the players. Ranks are listed , starting with the side of the board with the white pieces.

Reference a specific square on the board by listing the rank followed by the file. Practice notation by listing each move you and your opponent make by writing down the piece and the square to which it moves.

Place the rooks in the corners of the board. Rooks usually look like castle towers and can move any number of squares horizontally or vertically, but they cannot jump over other pieces.

Place the white rooks on squares a1 and h1, and put the black rooks on squares a8 and h8. Set the knights next to your rooks. The knights look like horses and move in L-shapes by going 2 spaces horizontally and 1 space vertically, or 2 spaces vertically followed by 1 space horizontally.

Put the white knights on squares b1 and g1, and set the black knights on b8 and g8. Put the bishops next to your knights. Bishops are the third-tallest pieces in your chess set and move in a straight line diagonally.

Put the black bishops on squares c8 and f8. Place the queens on their matching colors in the back rows. Queens are the second-tallest pieces and can move any number of squares in any direction as long as the spaces are vacant.

Set the kings next to the queens. Your king is the tallest piece in your chess set and is the piece you need to protect throughout the game. Kings can move 1 space at a time in any direction during your turn.

Put the kings next to the queens to complete your back row of pieces. Place your pawns in the row in front of your other pieces.

Your pawns are the shortest and weakest pieces in a game of chess. Put 1 white pawn in each square of rank 2 and set the black pawns in the squares of rank 7.

Start the game with the player who has the white pieces. The player who has the white pieces always starts a game of chess. Choose any one of your pieces that is able to move and put it in its new space.

After the player with the white piece takes their turn, play alternates to the player with the black pieces. The player with the white pieces has a slight advantage since they get to make the opening move.

Aim to take control of the 4 center squares; d4, e4, d5, and f5; early in the game since they over the most mobility and power for your pieces. Instead, pawns can only capture pieces that are 1 space diagonally in front of them.

However, to win the game you need to set up your pieces so they would be able to capture the king. Move one of your pieces so it can potentially capture your opponent's king during your next turn.

Your opponent must get out of check during their next turn either by moving their king, blocking your piece, or capturing your piece.

Let your opponent double check if they can make a move before declaring yourself the winner! Capture with pawns using the "en passant" rule.

En passant, meaning "in passing" in French, is when one pawn captures another pawn after its starting move.

You cannot wait to do it on any other turn after. Promote a pawn to a queen by getting it across the board. This way, you could have multiple queens on the board at a time. Even though a pawn can theoretically be promoted to any piece, the only situation where you would not want to promote your pawn to a queen is if doing so results in stalemate, causing the game to end in a draw.

Protect your king by castling. Once during the game, you may choose to make a special move known as castling. To castle, move your king two squares horizontally toward either rook.

Then on the same move, move the rook to the square immediately on the other side of the king. You also cannot castle through any squares that are under attack by enemy pieces.

Aim to control the center of the board. Pieces near the center are at their most powerful since they have the most mobility and control.

This forces your opponent to the sides of the board where they have fewer moves to choose from. Controlling the center helps you play more offensive and your opponent defensive. Protect your pieces.

Every time your opponent makes a move, take some time to scan the board. Move pieces out of the way if your opponent is going to capture them next turn.

It's okay to give up a piece in order to draw your opponent into a trap where you'll capture an even more valuable piece. Learn the relative value of each piece.

Each piece in a game of chess is valued differently depending on how powerful it is. Queens are the most powerful piece and are worth 9 points. Rooks are worth 5 points, bishops and knights are worth 3, and pawns are worth 1 point.

Try to protect your more powerful pieces so you can use them later in the game. Compare the total value of all the pieces still on the board for each player to determine who has a material advantage.

Point assessment is also useful when considering possible captures. For example, using pieces with a lower value to capture pieces with a higher value gives you more of an advantage.

You need a strong defense and to be prepared for almost anything. One of the main strategies of chess is forcing your opponent into a situation where, no matter what he or she does, you are given an advantage, such as capturing a piece or securing a better position.

Yes No. Not Helpful 23 Helpful These are pawns that have reached their eighth row the opponent's first row and have been converted to some other piece such as a queen. Not Helpful 9 Helpful Under certain conditions, yes.

It is known as castling and is very useful. It was one of the few changes made in the last millennium.

Not Helpful 27 Helpful A bishop moves diagonally in any direction and as many open squares as it wants. It must stop before coming to a square occupied by a piece of its own color. It can stop on a square occupied by an opponent's piece thereby capturing that piece.

Not Helpful 22 Helpful This is called a stalemate, which is a draw or tie, because neither player can capture the other's king. Square color alternates so that no two same colored squares are ever directly up, down, or to the side of each other.

Same color squares are instead diagonal to each other. At the beginning of a game the chessboard should be positioned so that each player has a white or light square to the bottom right.

Chess pieces are always arranged the same way at the start of each chess game, on the two rows nearest to each player. For the white player, the first row the row closest to the player is always arranged in the following order from left to right:.

From the black player's side black player's point of view , the the first row is arranged from left to right in the following order:. The player using the white or light pieces always moves first.

Players then alternate turns throughout the game. On each turn a player may only move one piece, with the exception of a move called castling that will be explained in more detail below.

When playing chess with friends you can flip a coin to determine who moves first or allow the lesser experienced player to go first, as moving first provides a slight advantage.

One of the most basic rules of chess is the chess piece moves. While each of the 6 types of pieces move differently, all pieces share similar rules:.

You can't play chess without knowing how chess pieces move, so we've outlined the unique movements for each piece:. The most important piece in chess is the King, however the king is also one of the weakest pieces in chess.

When we say the king is one of the weakest pieces, we mean the king has some of the weakest movement of any piece.

The king is only able to move one square in any direction. This means that the king can move one square up, down, to either side, or diagonally.

The king can also never be moved into 'check'. This means the king can never move into a position in which he could be captured on the next turn by any of the opposing pieces.

The queen is the strongest piece in chess. The queen can move in any direction, like the king. Unlike the king however, she can move as far as possible until she either captures an opposing piece or gets to any of her pieces like all pieces, the queen may not move through any of her pieces.

Like the queen, the bishops may move as far as possible, although bishops can only move diagonally. The two bishops per side each start on a different colored square, one light and one dark.

Naturally, bishops can only move diagonally on squares of the color they start on. The rook can also move as far as possible, but only up, down, and to the sides.

Each Rook is positioned in the bottom squares of a player's side. Knights have very unique movement compared to all other chess pieces.

Knights move in the shape of an "L". The knight moves two squares up, down, or sideways and then one square at a 90 degree angle of the first two moves.

For example in a knight 'move' the piece could move two squares up and one square to the right. Another important unique feature of Knight's moves are knight have the ability to move over their own pieces.

However, they still may not finish their move on the same square as one of their pieces. Pawns are another very unique chess piece.

Pawns can only move up forward , never moving or capturing backwards. Pawns move and capture differently. Pawns move up forward , but they only capture pieces diagonally.

This means if an opposing piece is in the square directly forward of a pawn, the pawn may not capture or move forward. If an opposing piece is in the direct forward and diagonal square, the pawn may move diagonally to capture it.

Another unique feature of pawn movement, is that on a pawn's first move it may be moved forward two squares. This is only possible for each pawn's first move.

Lastly pawns also have the ability to be promoted to become other pieces which we'll discuss in more detail in the next section. There are a few unique rules of chess, as well as special moves, that you need to know before playing chess.

After your pawn reaches this position, you can choose to exchange your pawn for a Queen, Rook, Bishop, or Knight. As part of the same move, the new piece is replaced on the same square that the pawn reached row 8.

Typically you will want to exchange your pawn for a queen. As previously mentioned, queens are the most powerful chess piece. If you're playing at home and do not have additional pieces, the pawn should still become a different piece, but you can use the pawn to represent that piece.

In chess tournaments, according to FIDE chess rules, it is necessary to actually swap the pawn for the new piece. En Passant and Castling the next mentioned chess move are perhaps the most bizarre rules of chess.

In chess en passant refers to a rule where if a pawn moves up two squares on its first move and lands to the side of an opponent's pawn, the opposing pawn may move diagonally and capture the original pawn.

The last special rule to cover in chess is castling. This chess rule can be another doozy for chess beginners, so read through this one carefully.

The castle rule of chess allows the King to move two squares over to one side when it usually may only move one square in any direction and then have the rook move from that side's corner directly to the inside square next to the king.

This move is done all in one turn, however in order to do this move, all of these conditions must apply:. There are two ways for a game of chess to end.

A chess game can end in either a checkmate resulting in a player winning or a draw tie. The purpose of chess and the way to win is to checkmate your opponent's king. In order to checkmate your opponent's king, your opponent's king must be put into check and not be able to move out of check.

If you're opponent's king is in checkmate, this means he can't move is king out of check, he can't block check with another of his pieces, and he can't capture the piece putting his king in check.

We've covered the basic rules of chess, how to start a game of chess, and how to move chess pieces. While you now should be well enough equipped to play the game of chess, you can keep reading to learn chess strategy, tactics, and tips for improving your chess game.

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You want them to be on good and safe squares. ZS Zeenath Sultana Jan 20, The knight is the only piece that can jump other pieces both friend and enemy. Your piece moves legally into a square occupied by an opponent's piece, and the opponent's piece is removed from the board. LM Loui Mouchaileh May 29,

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The queen is the most powerful of this web page rest of how to play chess simple pieces, though. Do not get frustrated if you lose a lot. Kwee Eng Hang Aug 8, Then start concentrating on your more powerful pieces -- bishops, knights, queen, and rooks. When this happens, saying, "Checkmate!

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Not necessarily! It may not how to play chess simple see more square, and then capture diagonally one square. All Puzzle. This game is more about anticipating threats and foresight than anything else. You need to be signed in to post a comment!

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